What You Need To Know
Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, its name derives from the River Sheaf, which runs through the city. With some of its southern suburbs annexed from Derbyshire, the city has grown from its largely industrial roots to encompass a wider economic base.
During the 19th century, Sheffield gained an international reputation for steel production. Many innovations were developed locally, including crucible and stainless steel, fuelling an almost tenfold increase in the population in the Industrial Revolution. Sheffield received its municipal charter in 1843, becoming the City of Sheffield in 1893. International competition in iron and steel caused a decline in traditional local industries in the 1970s and 1980s, coinciding with the collapse of coal mining in the area.
The 21st century has seen extensive redevelopment in Sheffield along with other British cities. Sheffield’s gross value added(GVA) has increased by 60 since 1997, standing at £9.2 billion in 2007. The economy has experienced steady growth averaging around 5 annually, greater than that of the broader region of Yorkshire and the Humber.
Area: 367.9 km²
- The currency of england is the GBP Pound (£)
- One pound is comprised of 100 pence and coins can be obtained in 1p, 2p, 5p, 10p, 20p, 50p, £1 and £2 denominations. Bank notes are commonly divided into £5, £10, £20 and £50 amounts.
- When handling coins, be careful not to dismiss the small ones as unimportant—some small coins are worth much more than larger ones. For example, the one and two-pence coins are significantly larger than the five-pence coin, and the two-pence is even larger than the ten-pence. The pound coin is about the same size of a 1p coin, though it is at least a good deal chunkier – not for nothing are they occasionally referred to as “nuggets”
- Obtaining money in the UK is quite easy. ATMs (known locally as cashpoints) tend to cluster around stations and main shopping streets. Many of the large supermarkets should have a cashpoint on site – usually near the main entrance. These will give free withdrawals of cash from any bank account. Cash machines can also be found in some pubs and newsagents. Be careful if using these machines as they are not always free to use (you will be informed of any fees though) and you may be charged. In more rural areas, cash machines are rarer and tend to be located near supermarkets or at the odd bank – if it’s open. Many rural branches are facing closure and if this the case the machine may not be working. Post Offices can give you cash over the counter against a card, but some lightly used ones may refuse, simply because they haven’t got enough cash. Beware of cash machines inside shops and bars as these can charge around £1 per transaction (and in some cases as much as £3!). Note: All cash machines in the UK run on the LINK network, the LINK network accepts almost all credit card types (American Express, MasterCard, Visa, JCB, Discover, Diners Club, BC Card and China UnionPay). Most of these logos are not shown but the cards themselves are accepted.
If you are using your debit card and are accustomed to entering your PIN alphabetically, make sure that you also know its numeric equivalent. Most UK cashpoints have only a numeric keypad. You need to know that DAZED is really 32933 or the queue of people waiting for cash behind you will grow really impatient!
- Visa and Mastercard are also widely accepted, but be warned that there may be a 13 transaction fee, depending on the card issuer, on every transaction. Over the last few years, American Express has also become widely accepted but a few merchants (usually small shops) will either not accept it or add a surcharge. Rarely you may find American Express cards do not work at a merchant’s automated machine (A Pay@Pump for example) but do work at the merchant’s manned terminal. Diners Club and Discover are very rarely accepted. You will want to find out from your credit card company exactly what their fees are. It is also a good idea to let your bank and credit card company know you will be using the cards overseas so they do not suspect “unusual activity” and put a hold on your account.
Like the rest of the United Kingdom, the climate in Sheffield is generally temperate, Between 1971 and 2000 Sheffield averaged 824.7 mm of rain per year, with December the wettest month (91.9 mm) and July the driest (51.0 mm). The average yearly high temperature is about 12 °C (53 °F), and yearly lows tend to remain around an average of 6.5 °C (44 °F). July was also the hottest month, with an average maximum temperature of 20.8 °C. The average minimum temperature in January and February was 1.6 °C.
the official language in Sheffield is English.
You can use the Stagecoach Supertram network or hop on a local bus – the network is vast with no corner of the city not reached. Stagecoach Supertram: all trams are accessible, with regular stopping points throughout the city centre.
- The Meadowhall/Middlewood (yellow) route will take you to all the major sporting venues and Meadowhall, one of Europe’s largest shopping malls.
- The Halfway/Malin Bridge (blue) route will take you to some of Sheffield’s most interesting suburbs, one of Sheffield’s oldest parks – Norfolk Heritage Park, and the historic Rivelin Valley.
There are clear route indicators on supertram stops and on each tram but if you have a question, or need assistance, just ask the on-board tram staff who will be happy to help. you can purchase a ticket for tram travel from the on-board staff
Interesting Facts About Sheffield
- Sheffield has the highest ratio of trees to people of any city in Europe. 2.5 million trees.
- As early as the fourteenth century, Sheffield was known as a place for the production of knives. It was even mentioned in Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales.
- In 1991, Sheffield hosted the World Student Games at the new Don Valley Stadium and Sheffield Arena
- In the 1980s, it was often called ‘The Socialist Republic of South Yorkshire’ because of its strong left wing politics.
- The Sheffield District of Hallam was said to the wealthiest part of the UK, outside London, in a 2004 report by Barclays bank.
- Sheffield is known as a ‘green city’ It provides much energy from incinerating waste.
- Sheffield boasts the world’s oldest football club – Sheffield F.C. It was formed in 1857, mainly by a group of cricketers. Sheffield F.C. won the F.A. Amateur cup in 1904.
- Sheffield Wednesday is one of the oldest professional football clubs in the world, and the fourth oldest in the English leagues.
- Sheffield Crucible Theatre stages the annual World Snooker Tournament
- The Sheffield Ski Village is Europe’s largest outdoor artificial ski resort
- Sheffield is sometimes informally known as the largest village in England because of isolated location amongst seven hills, though city status was granted in 1893.
- Sheffield hosted the world’s first football tournament (played under Sheffield Rules) – the Youdan Cup in Feb-March 1867, featuring 12 teams. The competition was won by local side Hallam at Bramall Lane. It preceded the FA cup by four years.
- The Sheffield Rules was a code of football used between 1857 and 1877. They had a big influence on Football association rules, which later finally codified the game. Sheffield Rules introduced the concept of corners, free kicks, heading the ball, and goal keepers.